Castiglioncello is the pearl of the the Etruscan Coast, an enchanted place that has been continually rediscovered through the ages: first it was home to the Etruscans, then the Romans and in the Middle Ages it was a favourite haunt of Florentine nobility. In the 1800s the painters of the Macchiaioli school (Giovanni Fattori - Silvestro Lega - Giuseppe Abbati - Telemaco Signorini - Odoardo Borrani - Giovanni Boldini - Vincenzo Cabianca - Raffaello Sernesi and so on) immortalised the promontory of Castiglioncello, a favourite subject for its Mediterranean and Tuscan colours, as Italian Impressionists created their own version of this artistic style. In the 1900s it was popular with leading politicians, poets (of the calibre of D’Annunzio and Pirandello), directors, actors, and screenplay writers (IL SORPASSO, considered by many to be the parent of Italian comedy was created and filmed here). During the 50s and 60s Castiglioncello was a focal point for Italian high society. Nobody famous missed out on the Castiglioncello scene. The Etruscan Coast, from Castiglioncello to Piombino, from beaches to hills, is a kind of magic space: yet it is a place where life rolls past at a tranquil pace. The nearby medieval villages perched on hills are steeped in history, with their cobbled roads, turreted villas, chapels and castles, have remained unspoilt and may even convince you that you have stepped back in time. The sea is the life blood of the area, it fashions the countryside, gives splendid hues to sunsets and its invigorating perfume pervades the air. Its is a vibrant, living being rich in fauna. Its beaches merge with the pine forests and woods of lime trees and tamarisk which scent the air and blend with the salty air. The Mediterranean scrubland covers dunes and hillocks that lead to the sea and form inviting rocky and sandy beaches. The natural parks of Bolgheri and Magona of the Livorno hillside are protected areas. They are refuges for rare and precious animals, that enjoy the freedom to roam in beautifully coloured and scented countryside. Here in the the Etruscan Coast nature is safeguarded but it is not merely a peculiarity but the life source of the area. There are olive groves, woods of holm-oak, cork trees and chestnut embroidered with footpaths that sneak up on medieval villages, ancient monuments and cities with a wealth of fine arts. The rich countryside that stretches from the foot of the hills to the sea is warmed by the sun whose rays filter between tall cypress trees on vineyards that produce some of the world’s most sought-after wines that delight the senses and soul.